Weald Meadow Seed Mix

Weald Meadow Seed Mix

Origin: UK

Soil Type: Neutral/acidic, damp

Seeding rate: 4g per square metre

Approximate flowers:grasses ratio: 30:70

Species mix: Please see below

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Weald Meadow Mix

Weald Native Origin Seed is a diverse meadow seed mix, sustainably harvested from ancient meadows throughout the Weald (in Kent, Sussex and Surrey). Many donor fields are designated sites (SSSI or SNCI) and two are Sussex Coronation Meadows. The donor sites are lowland neutral /acidic meadows, characterized as MG5, and are relatively wet and naturally species rich with large populations of Weald specialties such as Common Spotted Orchids, Dyers Greenweed, Pignut, Meadow Vetchling and Yellow Rattle.

There are full instructions on the back of the packet. You can expect to receive your seed within five working days of placing an order.

Major Wildflower Species expected from chosen donor sites:

Birdsfoot Trefoil Lotus corniculatus

Burnet Saxifrage Pimpinella saxifraga

Catsear Hypochaeris radicata

Common Vetch Vicia sativa (annual)

Dyers Grenweed Genista tinctoria

Eyebright Euphrasia nemerosa (annual)

Fairy Flax Linum catharticum

Grass Vetchling (annual) Lathyrus nissolia

Greater Birdsfoot Trefoil Lotus pedunculatus

Hawkbit Leontodon hispidus

Knapweed Centaurea nigra

Lesser Trefoil Trifolium dubium

Lesser Stitchwort Stellaria graminea

Meadow Buttercup Ranunculus acris

Meadow Vetchling Lathyrus pratensis

Mouse-ear Cerastium fontanum

Oxeye Daisy Leucanthemum vulgare

Pignut Conopodium majus

Red Clover Trifolium pratense

Ribwort Plantain Plantago lanceolata

Self-heal Prunella vulgaris

Smooth Tare Vicia tetrasperma (annual)

Sorrell Rumex acetosa

Sorrel (Sheeps) Rumex ovina

Spotted Orchid Dactylorhiza fuchsii

Tufted Vetch Vicia cracca

Yarrow Achillea millefolium

Yellow Rattle Rhinanthus minor (annual)

Grasses and rushes:

Common Bent Agrostis capillaris

Crested dog's-tail Cynosaurus cristatus

Field Wood-rush Luzula campestris

Meadow Foxtail Alopecurus pratensis

Red Fescue Festuca rubra

Rough meadow-grass Poa trivalis

Sweet Vernal Grass Anthoxanthum odoratum

Yorkshire Fog Holcus lanatus

Supplier: Weald Meadows Partnership (Weald Native Origin Seed) The Weald Meadows Partnership takes action to conserve rare and fragile wildflower grasslands of the Weald. By purchasing this seed you are helping to maintain an irreplaceable habitat. For more information on harvesting and the partnership visit: www.highwealdlandscapetrust.org

Is My Site Suitable?

If you want to make a meadow you'll need a sunny site with relatively poor soil. Why poor soil? It's not so much that wildflowers don't like fertility, just that weeds like it more! You will have a constant battle on your hands with weeds like Dock and Nettle. If soil fertility has been improved artificially you can reduce it before starting; some people grow a crop of potatoes in the season before they start, others invert the soil so that relatively infertile subsoil is on top and the topsoil is buried.

When Do I Seed?

You can seed in spring or autumn - whenever it's wet and warm. If you seed in the spring make sure your seedlings don't conk out in a dry spell in summer, so keep them watered. If you have heavy ground don't seed too late in the autumn, as the seed will just sit on the ground and rot. If you sow in autumn you'll get some germination that season and some in the spring aftrerwards from species which need a prolonged period of cold to trigger it. These include Yellow Rattle, Rhinanthus minor. Apart from the Rattle please remember that the species in most of our mixes are all perennials and won't flower in their first year of establishment.

What Preparation Do I Need to Do?

There's no short cut here - you really need a seedbed which is clear of weeds and existing grass. Don't cheat! Firstly, your new seed needs to have light and contact with the bare ground. Second, it is much, MUCH more difficult to deal with unwelcome plants once the plants you do want are established. It's best to physically remove all existing vegetation and then rotovate/hoe any seedlings that come up. Then do it again! Rake the seedbed over to get rid of any lumps, detritus and stones.

Ready to sow

How Do I Seed?

The seed mixes we sell typically need sowing at 4g per square metre. This is not a lot! It's a good idea to add something like sand to the seed, so you don't end up running out of seed half way through your project. Don't be tempted to think the seeding rate is too low and seed at a much higher rate - you'll end up looking at a lawn; the wildflowers in the mix need space. Mark out the area you want to seed into squares using canes to help get an even covering. Scatter the seed / sand on the surface of the soil - don't bury it - and tread / roll in to make sure the contact with it is good. I would just scatter by hand unless you have a large area to cover, and do two passes - one North / South and one West / East, if you see what I mean.

How Do I Manage my Meadow Area?

Contrary to popular belief, this is not as time consuming or difficult as managing a lawn. Make sure the seedlings don't dry out. Pull out any weeds you see appearing. Early on, these will be things like thistle, mayweed, dock and nettle. All of these plants have value for wildlife, but they will take over given half the chance! Start mowing or grazing your meadow area from late July. This helps light reach the wildflowers, which typically form leaves close to the ground, and stops weeds from seeding. Don't be tempted to wait and wait before cutting it as the grass will just get thicker and thicker and fall over; it MUST be cut before September. Keep the meadow area cut or grazed from then until say early March. If you're cutting it, remove the cuttings. That's it!

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